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University of Wisconsin–Madison
Professor of Sociology



Schwartz, Christine R., Rodrigo González-Velastín, and Anita Li. 2023. “Lifetime Years Married Held Steady for Men with a BA Degree Since 1960 but Dropped to Lowest Level Since 1880 for Men Without a BA.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 120(28) e2301983120.

Schwartz, Christine R. 2023. “Robert Mare’s Legacy: Advances in the Study of Assortative Mating.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Musick, Kelly, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, and Christine R. Schwartz. 2022Change and Variation in U.S. Couples’ Earnings Equality Following Parenthood.” Population and Development Review. 48(2):413-443.

Schwartz, Christine R., Yu Wang, and Robert D. Mare. 2021. “Opportunity and Change in Occupational Assortative Mating.” Social Science Research. 99:102600.  Pubmed,

Gonalons-Pons, Pilar, Christine R. Schwartz, and Kelly Musick. 2021. “Changes in Couples’ Earnings Following Parenthood and Trends in Family Earnings Inequality.” Demography. 58(3):1093–1117.

Schwartz, Christine R., Catherine Doren, and Anita Li. 2020. “Years Spent as Mothers of Young Children: The Role of Completed Fertility, Birth Spacing, and Multiple Partner Fertility” Pp. 237-256 in Analyzing Contemporary Fertility, edited by Robert Schoen. New York, NY: Springer. SocArXiv, DOI: 10.31235/

Smock, Pamela J. and Christine R. Schwartz. 2020. “The Demography of Families: A Review of Patterns and Change.” Journal of Marriage and Family 81:9-34.

Van Bavel, Jan, Christine R. Schwartz, and Albert Esteve. 2018. “The Reversal of the Gender Gap in Education and its Consequences for Family Life.” Annual Review of Sociology 44:341-360.

Wang, Yu and Christine R. Schwartz. 2018. “Hukou Intermarriage and Social Exclusion in China.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 56:28-39.

Gonalons-Pons, Pilar and Christine R. Schwartz. 2017. “The Growing Economic Resemblance of Spouses: Changes in Assortative Mating or the Division of Labor in Marriage?Demography 54(3):985-1005.

Esteve, Albert, Christine R. Schwartz, Jan van Bavel, Iñaki Permanyer, Martin Klesment, and Joan Garcia-Roman. 2016. “The End of Hypergamy: Global Trends and Implications.” Population and Development Review 42(4):615-25.

Schwartz, Christine R., Zhen Zeng, and Yu Xie. 2016. “Marrying Up by Marrying Down: Status Exchange of Social Origin and Education in the U.S.Sociological Science 3:1003-1027.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Pilar Gonalons-Pons. 2016. “Trends in Relative Earnings and Marital Dissolution: Are Wives Who Outearn Their Husbands Still More Likely to Divorce?” RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 2(4):218-36.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Hongyun Han. 2014. “The Reversal of the Gender Gap in Education and Trends in Marital Dissolution.” American Sociological Review 79(4):605-29.

Schwartz, Christine R. 2013. “Trends and Variation in Assortative Mating: Causes and Consequences.” Annual Review of Sociology 39:451-70.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Robert D. Mare. 2012. “The Proximate Determinants of Educational Homogamy: The Effects of First Marriage, Marital Dissolution, Remarriage, and Educational Upgrading.” Demography 49:629-650.

Karraker, Amelia, John DeLamater, and Christine R. Schwartz. 2011. “Sexual Frequency Decline from Midlife to Later Life.” Journal of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 66B(4):502-512.

Graf, Nikki L. and Christine R. Schwartz. 2011. “The Uneven Pace of Change in Heterosexual Romantic Relationships: A Comment on England.” Gender & Society 25:101-107.

Schwartz, Christine R. 2010. “Pathways to Educational Homogamy in Marital and Cohabiting Unions.” Demography 47:735-753.

Schwartz, Christine R. 2010. “Earnings Inequality and the Changing Association Between Spouses’ Earnings.” American Journal of Sociology 115:1524-57.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Nikki L. Graf. 2009. “Assortative Matching Among Same-Sex and Different-Sex Couples in the United States, 1990-2000.” Demographic Research 21:843-878.

Musick, Kelly, Judith A. Seltzer, and Christine R. Schwartz. 2008. “Neighborhood Norms and Substance Use Among Teens.Social Science Research 37:138-155.

Mare, Robert D. and Christine R. Schwartz. 2006. “Educational Assortative Mating and the Family Background of the Next Generation: A Formal Analysis.Riron to Hoho (Sociological Theory and Methods) 21:253-277.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Robert D. Mare. 2005. “Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage From 1940 to 2003.Demography 42:621-646.

Shared Files: Click here for data and documentation for selected articles above.


Schwartz, Christine R. and Michael D. King. 2023. “The Changing Role of Mothers’ Status in Children’s College Completion.” Under Review

Hirschl, Noah, Christine R. Schwartz, and Elia Boschetti. 2022. “Eight Decades of Educational Assortative Mating.” Under Review

Schwartz, Christine R., Anita Li, and Pamela J. Smock. 2022. “The Divorce Decline and Relationship Stability: 1970-2019.” Paper presented at the 2022 Population Association of America Meetings.

Schwartz, Christine R. and Nikki L. Graf. 2010. “Can Differences in Partner Availability Explain Differences in Interracial/Ethnic Matching Between Same- and Different-Sex Couples?

Gerber, Theodore P. and Christine R. Schwartz. 2009. “Assortative Mating in Russia, 1993 and 2007: Forms, Changes, and Implications for Inequality.” Unpublished Manuscript.

Mare, Robert D. and Christine R. Schwartz. 2006. “Income Inequality and Educational Assortative Mating: Accounting for Trends from 1940 to 2003.” Unpublished Manuscript.


Schwartz, Christine R. 2014. “It’s Not Just Attitudes: Marriage is Also Becoming More Egalitarian.” Pg. 16-18 in Council on Contemporary Families Gender Rebound Symposium. New York: Council on Contemporary Families.

Schwartz, Christine R. 2009. “Assortative Mating.” Pg. 123-125 in Harry T. Reis and Susan Sprecher, eds., Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Michalopoulos, Charles and Christine Schwartz. 2000. What Works Best for Whom: Impacts of 20 Welfare-to-Work Programs by Subgroup. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education.

Storto, Laura, Gayle Hamilton, Christine Schwartz, and Susan Scrivener. 2000. Oklahoma City’s ET & E Program: Two-Year Implementation, Participation, Cost, and Impact Findings. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education.

Scrivener, Susan, Gayle Hamilton, Mary Farrell, Stephen Freedman, Daniel Friedlander, Marisa Mitchell, Jodi Nudleman, and Christine Schwartz. 1998. Implementation, Costs, and Two-Year Impacts of the Portland (Oregon) Welfare-to-Work Program. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education.